Sustainable Fabrics: What They Are Made Of

Sustainable Fabrics: 13 Eco-Friendly Choices to Consider - PureWow

Sustainable Fabrics are made from eco-friendly materials that aim to reduce the harmful impacts on the environment. They can help lower carbon emissions, conserve water and soil, and replant the planet’s ecosystem.

The most sustainable fabrics are those based on plant-based fibers, like organic cotton and linen or Tencel (a fabric made from recycled wood pulp). Natural materials can also be considered sustainable, but not all are.


To make an environmentally conscious decision when buying clothes, you must choose environmentally friendly fabrics. This is important because it helps reduce the waste sent to landfills and burned daily.

Recycled fabrics are a good choice because they consume less energy than virgin fabrics and emit less CO2 into the environment. The most popular and common recycled types are recycled cotton, polyester and nylon.

Another popular fabric is deadstock, which refers to reclaimed fabrics created from off-cuts, manufacturing scraps, vintage clothing or unsold materials (AKA “deadstock”). This keeps valuable materials out of landfills and has a lower manufacturing footprint than other fabrics.

Recycled polyester is made from plastic bottles, and industrial plastic waste like fishing nets, then spun into a fabric called “rPET.” This type of recycling is an excellent way to reduce the need for virgin polyester. It is made with much fewer resources and requires far less water and energy than producing new polyester.


If you’re like most of us, you’re probably aware of the incredible environmental impact that textile production has on the world. A single t-shirt and pair of jeans require 20,000 liters of water to produce, and every second, an entire garbage truck’s worth of clothing is either burned or dumped in landfills.

These impacts can be avoided if you choose more sustainable and eco-friendly fabrics. The most common sustainable materials, such as organic cotton and hemp, are made from naturally-derived resources.

Alternatively, some sustainable fabrics are made from recycled materials, which have a much better impact on the environment than new fibers. However, beware of cloth that claims to be a sustainable option but doesn’t use recycled material in its manufacturing.

For example, many brands use bamboo to create a range of stylish yet sustainably-friendly clothing and accessories. The fabric is an excellent choice if you’re looking for soft, lightweight, breathable, and absorbent apparel.


Regarding sustainable fabrics, biodegradable materials are a huge step forward. They offer a way to reduce clothing pollution, which enormously affects the environment and human health.

A great example of a fabric that is biodegradable is silk. However, conventional silk production involves killing silkworms and silk moths inhumanely.

Other fabrics that are known for their biodegradability include linen and hemp. Linen is a natural flax plant fiber that doesn’t require much water and doesn’t need pesticides.

Hemp is also very eco-friendly, as it absorbs carbon dioxide and doesn’t require fertilizers or water. It also decomposes quickly into nutrient-rich soil.

Camel wool is another biodegradable material found in some sustainable winter clothes. The camels used to produce it are raised free-range on the Tibetan Plateau and shed their skin naturally, making the wool incredibly soft and warm.

Unlike cotton, an eco-friendly and popular fiber that is often recycled, synthetic fabrics like acrylic are non-biodegradable and toxic to humans and the environment. Additionally, synthetic nylon is a very common and harmful textile that causes microplastic ocean pollution during washing and fishing.


Clothing is a significant contributor to global carbon emissions and waste. Its production, use, and care result in 3% to 6.7% of human-caused global carbon emissions every year.

One of the biggest problems is that fabrics that don’t stand up to wear and tear, or those that pill and snag easily, end up in landfills too quickly, contributing to pollution. This is why you must choose sustainable fabrics designed to last long.

For example, consider the fantastic Qmonos synthetic spider silk fabric five times stronger than steel and biodegradable. It also dries fast, is lightweight and soft, and is vegan-friendly.

Modal is another excellent option for a comfortable, breathable, highly absorbent fabric produced using less water and chemicals than viscose rayon. It also has a closed-loop system that recycles 99% of the solvents used in manufacturing.

Finally, sustainable clothing made from recycled polyester has a much lower impact on the environment than conventionally manufactured cotton or silk. It also requires much less water to produce and can be recycled multiple times before it becomes unusable.


To keep up with the latest trends, consumers are consuming clothes they may or may not even need. It’s a big problem.

Sustainable fabrics can help decrease this waste. By choosing natural and recycled materials, brands will reduce water use, pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.

They’re also more durable and last longer, reducing the need to replace them as often. Plus, most sustainable fabrics are naturally breathable and absorb moisture to keep you cool in warmer weather.

Some of these fabrics are made from plant fibers like hemp and coconut, which are more biodegradable than traditional cotton. Other sustainable fabrics are sourced from wood pulp, which doesn’t require as much water or pesticides.

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